The following is a part of Adib BOROUMAND biography that has been written by one of his students. I hope it is useful and considerable for those people who are interested in knowing the political, cultured and literary faces of this country and this world.
Abdol Ali BOROUMAND, whose pen name is Adib (Scholar) and he is famous by the name of Adib BOROUMAND was born on 11th of 1924 in Gaz the town, one of the suburbs of Barkhar city in Esfahan state.
Adib’s father was one of the greats of Gaz. He had fine hand writing and a great knowledge of history. He knew Arabic, had got mastery of French and was a modernist of his own time. He never accepted governmental position. He always contented himself with governing his land properties and farming.
Adib’s mother, Robab Ghaffar-Dokht was a worthy and honorable woman and loved culture very much. She was interested in educating her children very much.
Abdol Ali BOROUMAND started to read and write when he was six years old. He came to Esfahan after two years and was received as a student in the school that its manager was Majid Mir Ahmady, One of the first educational members of Esfahan. Adib went on studying literature and got his diploma of twelfth grade certificate in literature.
Adib went on writing prose until his sixteenth of year. After that year he began to write and compose poems. He was interested in constitutionalists’ poets and their poems. In order to go on composing poems in this new style he composed poems about the problems of that time. After the third of Shahrivar of 1320, or September 25th in 1941, when allied forces invaded Iran, in the Second World War, he began to tell political and patriotic poems. The subject of these poems was attacking at the invaded forces and opposition against the foreign agents; I mean English and Russian partialities and criticism of the dictatorship of Reza Shah’s time and strengthening of love of home, independence and the feeling of patriotism among the people of Iran. Adib’s anti dictatorship, anti capitalistic, patriotic and critical poems were printed in the newspapers of Tehran and Esfahan in that time. The effective reactions that Adib’s poem had created in the society led to the publishing of his book by the name of “Groaning of Homeland”. Adib’s literary fighting against capitalism, dictatorship, and defense of country and his people made the poets, scholars and mass media give him the title of honor of national poet.
Adib BOROUMAND came to Tehran to go on his studying in September of 1942. He got his B.A. degree in judicial law from law faculty.
He did not neglect to complete his literary knowledge and to nourish his poetic gift through his studying in law faculty. But he studied the reputable Persian prose and poem books by working hard, got acquainted with Arabic and French very well.
The great feeling of love of home and freedom made Adib to compose patriotic and critical poems which narrated the cry of love of independence and reformation in closed environment in this country. By the way Adib started to write political articles. That was how he got acquainted with newspapers, politicians and political parties.
The poverty, higgledy piggledy, class distinctions, conflict among parties and agitation both in the north and the south created a work by the name “Iran Opera in Tumult” that Adib BOROUMAND wrote it. Taking such a work to the scene, that criticized the bad condition of country, faced with a lot of oppositions. Though there was a marshal law this opera was on the scene for 15 days. “Iran Opera in Tumult” was a memorable name for patriotic Iranians, Parties and leaders of government. It is remembered as a worthy and artistic work that is printed In the Adib’s latest book by the name of “WORRISOME DAYS”.
Adib BOROUMAND was appointed as an assistant to the public prosecutor in Ardabil Administration of justice. But he refused to accept the position then he asked for the license of lawyers. After two years being trained in the lawyers training course he became a first class lawyer. He started to work as an independent lawyer. He has been lawyer for Iran national bank for many years.
Adib got married with Farangis Amini, his aunt’s daughter in 1947. He has three children from this marriage. The first one Jahanshah is a dentist, the second Poorandokht, is a lawyer and the third is Shahryar, the founder of a commercial company.
Adib’s wife was a religious beneficent and enlightened woman. She was compatible, sympathetic and intimate with her husband. She was familiar with culture, literature and politics. She cooperated and accompanied Adib with most of his political problems. She studied Adib’s work very carefully and said her constructive views. “May her soul be happy”.
Adib never accepted governmental positions and he usually stepped on the way of independence, freedom and besides he has fought against foreign satellite parties by his poems and his writings and went on fighting against them. So that in the disturbance of Azerbaijan that talk of decomposition in that region was heard he began to fight against Azerbaijan Democratic Party and Seyyed Jafar Pishevary’s government by pen and poem. He didn’t stop attacking at this event up to the end and after that. The dissemination of Adib’s works in printed matters and radio, which was the most important media in that time, became more effective and he was remembered as a national poet by mass media.
Adib BOROUMAND got a close relation with the reflection of Iran party (Hezb Iran) since 1945, the time that this party was established. He became one of the rough partisans of Iran national movement which was established by Dr. Mohammad Mossadegh in November 1949 and the nationalizing oil industry had created special excitement all over Iran. Adib helped this national and anti colonial front by composing patriotic and politic poems. He fought against English political penetration and Russian instigation by his poems too. In such a way the` poems which were read by radio created such an emotion among people that made Adib’s poems be distributed as a single sheets of papers in the cities. His poem made the national party win his goals very much and made people have public union in thinking about nationalizing oil industry and made them oppose to capitalistic policies.
After coup d’état on 27th of June on 1953 Adib decided to fight against it. In the second time of national front activities he was one of the first founders of this front in fighting against Mohammad Reza Shah’s dictatorship government and at the result of fighting against such dictatorship he was put in prison for three times. Adib became a member of central consultation of national front in 1960 and with the friends of the same principle in Iran party and national front accompanied the national movement. He showed his faithfulness towards genuineness of revolution and criticized its harmful deviations. Adib along with some of the same mind friends in the national party took part in the sitting which was held against the lack of freedom in the election of SENNA parliament. This sitting changed to a prison for them. Pen, fighting, prison, freedom and Iran were five subjects that were present in all his life.
Dr. Karim Sanjanbi decided to organize the national front party once more in 1978 and Adib BOROUMAND was elected as one of the five board leaders. The national front decided to set a walking and meeting against the retaliation that was suppressed severely by the leaders of government and the order of apostasy of national front party was issued. After that the members of national front went on their activities secretly. Till Adib BOROUMAND by the accompaniment some of the same mind friends took action to go on the political activities of this front after cessation of work for some time and prevented the cessation from going on.
Adib BOROUMAND has been the head of council and board leaders of national front of Iran for 15 years and has been present in all country’s political and international stages and has defended Iran’s interest and has always stepped in the route of getting to democracy and freedom since then.
In brief Adib BOROUMAND has tried hard for Iran’s honor and freedom and has fought against despotism and colonization with pen and endeavor and has suffered a lot in this way for sixty years.
Adib BOROUMAND founded a culture house which at present is one of the most successful culture houses in Iran. This cultural house has been built in an area of 3600 square meters in which the youths of Gaz are trained in many courses of classic and traditional art. This house has been founded in order to prevent the annihilating of native arts. Adib BOROUMAND dedicated the most precious Koran to the national library of Iran in 2008. He provoked the administration of world’s people by this worthy work.
Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia after describing the national poet which follows below, introduces Adib BOROUMAND as a national poet.
From Wikipedia: A national poet or national bard is a poet held by tradition and popular acclaim to represent the identity, beliefs and principles of a particular national culture. The national poet as culture hero is a long-standing symbol, to be distinguished from the successive holders of a bureaucratically-appointed Poet Laureate office.
Wikipedia also mentions that there are few countries whose national poets are more than one or two, while it introduces eight poets from Iran. For example Goethe and Schiller from Germany, Shakespeare from England, Victor Hugo from France, Iqbal Lahoori from Pakistan, Dante from Italy, Pushkin from Russia, Then Ferdowsi, Hafez, Nezami, Saadi, Khayyam, Rumi, Nasser Khosrow and Adib BOROUMAND from Iran.
Adib BOROUMAND’s printed works are:
1 NALEHAYEH VATAN
Groaning Of Homeland: this poem book is composed about the bad omen event on third on Shahrivar in 1320 HA or 1941 in defense of country’s independence and nation’s freedom.
2 PAYAM AZADI
Message of Freedom: Adib in this poem book protects the colonized countries and their independence seeker leaders besides he tells poems in opposition against rudeness and war and defends human law.
3 DARD ASHENA
Pain Acquainted: This book is a part of Adib’s love, Gnostic and political poems.
4 SOROODE RAHAYI
The Song of Deliverance: This poem book contains the poems in partisanship of nationalizing movement of oil industry and banishing the political colonization and blaming 28th Of Mordad coup d’état and fighting against Shah’s dictatorship regime.
5 RAZE PARVAZ
The Secret of Flight: This poem book contains religious poems in the form of epic poems.
6 MASNAVI ESPHAHAN
Esphahan Masnavid: This poem book describes Esphahan, the historical city and its special varieties.
7 HASELE HASTI
The Result of Existence: This poem book contains different styles of poems such as epic, lyrics and elegy poems about various subjects. (This poem book has lately been printed).
Adib BOROUMAND research works are:
1 The correction of KHERAD NAMME (Letter Of Knowledge) by Abolfazl Yoosef ebn Ali Mostofi that has been printed by the society of national works.
2 The correction of Hafez Shiraz’s poem book by comparison of the two reputable prints (Qazvini and Qani) and Khanlari with a manuscript copy by Pir Hossein Kateb in 1505.
3 The Art of Pen-Case
This research is description of manufacturing of this art phenomenon and style of work of some masters of painting on the pen-case.
4 Correction of Siavash story and Giv’s travelling to Turkestan for bringing Keykhosro (From Shahname be Ferdowsi).
5 The correction of Rostam and Esfandyar story by Haft khane Esfandyar by Ferdowsi.
6 The collection of essays by the name TARAZE SOKHAN (the adoration of word) under literary art and political subjects which is under printing.
7 The book by the name of BE PISHGAHE FERDOESI (To presence of Ferdowsi). This book is Ferdowsi’s literary and national personality and in addition Adib’s own poems about holding dear this great poet.
8 The correction and printing the biography of KHOLASEH ASH’AR VA NATAYEJOL AFKAR ( The summary of poems and the results of thoughts) by Taghi-aldin Kashani whose pen name is Zakeri (contemporaries part)
9 Effort for printing of pictorial book of “TARIKHE JAHANGOSHAYE NADERI”, A history book about Nader Shah’s time from his own library that is single in kind from the point of view of pictures. Besides he has written a preface to this book.
10 Effort for printing of DIVAN HAFEZ, Hafez’ poem book by Mir Emad Hussaini’s handwriting in 1008 AH or 1619 and writing a preface for it.
11 The translation of HAZRATE AMIROLMOMENIN ALI EBN ABITALEB’s aphorisms by Abdul Rissole’s writing, the late, and the famous pen man.
Translated by Feriddoon Kamalinia